Notes on Genus: Petuvirus

icosahedra

Type member: Petunia vein clearing virus

Contents

Members of this Genus
General Description
Morphology
Electron Micrograph
Genome
Genus Genomic Organization
Genome Map
Type Member Genomic Organization
All Known Sequences
Curated Sequences

General Description

This is one of 7 genera in the family Caulimoviridae, which are distinctive amongst plant viruses in having double-stranded DNA. Members of this genus are those with isometric, rather than bacilliform particles and with 1 open reading frame in the genome. The single member of the genus was previously classified in the Caulimovirus genus, but this now only includes those viruses with 6 or 7 open reading frames. The name is derived from the type member, Petunia vein-clearing virus.

Morphology

Virions isometric, not enveloped, 45-50 nm in diameter with no obvious surface structure. The virion shell is multi-layered.

Virions composed of 16 % nucleic acid.

Genome

Monopartite, open circular, double stranded DNA of 7200 base pairs.

Genus Genomic Organization

Although originally thought to have two open reading frames, recent information indicates that there is only one. A methionine tRNA primer-binding site has been identified in the intergenic region.

Type Member Genomic Organization

A single large open reading frame encodes a polyprotein. Various domains have been identified (from the N- to C-terminus):